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Archaeology

Meet the Anemoi, the Greek Gods of Weather

Ancient Greeks believed that the weather -- like nearly everything else on earth-- was the result of divine activity. Wind, specifically, was associated with the Anemoi, or the Greek gods of the wind. The Anemoi are the four gods named...

From Delphi to Google: Ancient Oracle to Modern-Day Search Engines

In ancient Greece the people relied heavily on oracles not only to predict the future, but to reveal secret information and the answers to their deepest philosophical questions. One of the most famous of all oracles was at Delphi, located...

DNA Analysis Sheds Light on Minoan and Mycenaean Genetic Origins

  For the first time, scientists have obtained genetic material and analyzed genome sequences from the ancient Minoans and Mycenaeans, who lived three to five thousand years ago. The new analysis suggests that the Minoans and Mycenaeans share a great deal...

Palindrome Inscription Found on Ancient Amulet in Cyprus

A team of Polish archaeologists in Nea Paphos, Cyprus have unearthed a 1,500-year-old two-sided amulet depicting a palindrome inscription written in ancient Greek. Palindromes are phrases that are read the same both forward and backwards. The amulet's 59-letter inscription reads: "ΙΑΕW ΒΑΦΡΕΝΕΜ...

Iris, the Greek Goddess of the Rainbow

Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow, also served as a messenger of the gods. Although now a little known member of the pantheon, Iris was a prominent figure in many ancient myths and is now even a character...

Iklaina: The First City-State of Ancient Greece and Europe

The little-known site Iklaina on the Peloponnesian peninsula was a major center of Mycenaean culture; findings now indicate that it was the very first city-state in ancient Greece. Iklaina marks the transition from a world without organized states to a...

Illegal Trade in Antiquities is the Scourge of Millennia

The looting of artifacts has always been a sign of military might or economic power. To combat this illicit traffic in antiquities it is necessary to have a comprehensive international strategy, which allows once and for all to stop...

The Magic of Creating Replicas of Ancient Greek Masterpieces

A workshop in Athens produces the only officially-certified replicas of ancient Greek masterpieces which are later sold at the country's archaeological sites, monuments and museums. The exact copies of the most iconic pieces of ancient Greek art are made by...

Drinking on the Greek Island of Delos: Bring Your Own Water

Whether you are spending the day or a few hours on the Greek island of Delos, be forewarned: you cannot purchase bottled water or even use a bathroom from the snack bar. Known as "The Island of the Gods," for...

World’s Oldest Mosaic Uncovered in Central Turkey

The world's oldest mosaic has been discovered in Yozgat, central Turkey. Archaeologist excavated the design in Yogat's Sorgun district. The mosaic measure 10 by 23 feet, is comprised of 3,147 stones, and is thought to be over 3,500 years old....

Aegae: The Cradle of Ancient Macedonia

The archaeological site of Aegae, next to the contemporary town of Vergina, was the first capital of the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia. The site is located 65 km (40 miles) west of Thessaloniki in Northern Greece’s province of...

Theopetra Cave: The Oldest Human Construction on Earth

Theopetra Cave, located in the Meteora limestone rock formations of Thessaly, Central Greece, is likely to be the place of the oldest human construction on earth, as findings indicate that the cave was inhabited as early as 130,000 years ago. According...

Ancient Greeks were Gourmands with a Preference for Fish

Ancient Greeks were gourmands and particularly fond of large fresh fish and eel, according to research headed by zooarchaeologist Dr. Demetra Mylona. The zooarchaeologist, who does research for the Institute of Aegean Prehistory Study Center for East Crete, is collecting...

Orraon: Best Preserved Settlement of Ancient Greece

In Greece, the best preserved ancient houses from the Classical through the Hellenistic period can be found in the ancient city of Orraon or Horreum, in Epirus. There are four well-preserved buildings of the late Classical period, three private houses...