Erdogan Fans Flames by Threatening to Convert Hagia Sophia into Mosque
Michael Goodyear* Hagia Sophia, once Eastern Christianity's greatest cathedral, is undoubtedly one of the most important monuments in today's Istanbul. Steeped in Byzantine history, it served as one of the largest cathedrals in the world, the center of Orthodoxy for nearly...
The Historical Memory of Constantinople, 567 Years After the Fall
Michael Goodyear* May 29, 1453: the final Ottoman assault on Constantinople succeeds. Ottoman cannon fire had battered the great Theodosian Walls of the city. The last Byzantine emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos-Dragases, had torn off his imperial regalia and died fighting...
A Century Later World Finally Awakens to the Ottoman Genocide of Christians
By Michael Goodyear* In the final years of the Ottoman Empire, the Ottoman government under the Committee of Union and Progress (“CUP”) orchestrated massacres of its Christian minorities, resulting in ethnic cleansing that would lead to the deaths of hundreds...