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ancient Athens

The Ancient Greek Meaning of the Word “Idiot”

An "idiot" who in modern use, is a stupid or foolish person, for ancient Greeks had a different meaning and did not carry the derogatory or insulting sense that it does today. The ancient Greek understanding of an "idiot" referred...

The Ancient Greek Story Behind the Word “Sycophant”

We all know about the great richness of Greek words and how they have been influential in so many other languages. Speaking about the Greek origin of a word is familiar to most people. However, in the case of the...

The Battle of Marathon Saved Western Civilization 2,500 Years Ago

In September of the year 490 BC, just 42 km outside of Athens, an army of brave Greeks saved their city from the invading Persian army.

Social Class in Ancient Greece: Sparta and Athens

The division of people into various social classes is a persistent feature across civilizations and was no less the case in ancient Greece where social class was determined by several factors such as birth, wealth, occupation, and citizenship. Ancient Greek...

The Ancient Greek Celebrations of Mid-August

The Synoikia was an ancient Greek festival held in Athens between August 15 and 16 to celebrate the unification of Attica. The festival was also known as the Thesean Synoikismos and the Feast of Union. During the Synoikia, the...

Agnodice: The First Woman Doctor of Ancient Greece

Agnodice was the first woman doctor of Athens in Ancient Greece whose story has been clung to by midwives for millennia. Her story is told by the Roman author Gaius Julius Hyginus in his Fabulae. By Abby Norman Women in...

Shackled Skeletons Might Tell Story of Ancient Athens, Greece

Archaeologists are studying ancient Greek shackled skeletons found at the ancient cemetery in 2016 in the port city of Faliro in order to understand the rise of the Athens city-state. Faliro cemetery is one of the largest such sites that...

How Ancient Greeks Protected Democracy from Narcissists

The Ancient Greeks practiced direct democracy. And they took measures specifically to ensure that ruthless, narcissistic people were unable to dominate politics. By Steve Taylor Ancient Greece was in many ways a brutal society. It was almost perpetually at war, slavery...

The Harshest Lawgiver of Ancient Athens

Ancient Athens is renowned to this day as the birthplace of democracy and cradle of philosophical debate, but few know the story of the city state's harshest lawgiver. Draco, also spelled Drako or Drakon, was Athens' first recorded democratic legislator....

Daily Life in Ancient Greece: What it Was Like to Live in Athens and Sparta

Life in ancient Athens and Sparta, although both in Greece, was so different that the city-states seem completely foreign to each other.