Greece’s culture minister announced on Tuesday the building of a museum at Faliro, south of Athens that will exhibit a group of 78 shackled skeletons, believed to have been executed in the 7th century BC.
These remains, known as “Desmotes Falirou,” were initially excavated in 2016 at the Esplanade of the Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center (SNFCC) in Faliro Bay, south of Athens. The skeletons, arranged in three clusters, provide a glimpse into an ancient mystery.
The first cluster revealed groups with presumed bindings, the second exhibited hands bound behind them using non-metal material, and the third still had iron shackles on their wrists.
Conservation efforts on-site took place from 2016 to 2022, but environmental factors necessitated their temporary removal to a nearby location with a concrete foundation.
The Ministry of Culture stated that ongoing monitoring ensures proper preservation conditions. Additionally, a tender process for a museum-grade protective shell or roof over the skeletons is nearly completed, funded by the Recovery Fund at six and a half million euros.
The proposed shell includes a basement area for safeguarding the skeletal material and a ground-level space for supervisory and visitor areas, aiming for harmony with the SNFCC Esplanade environment.
For universal accessibility, the ministry plans to create an immersive experience, allowing visitors to comprehend the historical significance of the shackled skeletons.
The project marks a significant step towards preserving and showcasing these ancient artifacts, inviting the public to connect with the mysteries of the past.
Shackled skeletons of Athens may belong to rebels
The skeletons of people with their hands shackled behind their backs in mass graves are considered important in understanding the policies of Athens at the time and how the city-state was established.
The skeletons found were buried in a variety of ways. Most were interred in simple pit graves, but nearly one-third were infants and children buried in large jars. About five percent of the remains found are of cremations complete with funeral pyres, and there are a few stone-lined cist graves. One person was found buried in a wooden boat utilized as a coffin.
The shackled skeletons have puzzled researchers, as there are very few shackled deaths in the ancient world. These could indicate punishment, including capital punishment, and slavery.
Some researchers believe they may be followers of Cylon, a tyrant who attempted to take over Athens in the 7th century B.C.
Two small vases found among the shackled skeletons allowed scientists to date the grave between 650 to 625 B.C., an era that ancient historians say was full of turmoil for Athens. The teeth of the skeletons show that they were from mostly younger people in good health. That boosts the theory that they were political rebels who tried to take over Athens.
According to accounts by ancient historians Plutarch and Thucydides, Cylon was an athlete at the 640 B.C. Olympic games. His victory there gave him an elevated status and the hand of the daughter of the nearby tyrant of Megara.
Over the next decade, there was discontent in Athens because of poor harvests and social inequality. With the help of his father-in-law’s soldiers, Cylon began a coup in 632, hoping the people of Athens would rise up and join him. Some did, but most did not.
Instead, Cylon escaped the city, and his rebels took shelter at the Acropolis. Eventually, they began to starve, and the city archon Megacles promised them safe passage, but when they left the temple, he slaughtered them.