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India and China Troops Clash on Disputed Border

Chinese Troops China
Chinese troops. Credit: Michael Wood / Flickr CC BY-SA 2.0

Indian and Chinese forces recently clashed in disputed territory, resulting in multiple casualties on both sides. This marks the most aggressive flare-up since 2020, when deadly hostilities broke out between India and China.

On December 9th, an intense confrontation was ignited between Indian and Chinese troops in the disputed Tawang sector of Arunachal Pradesh. Several military personnel were injured on both sides during this encounter.

In 1962, a turbulent conflict between India and China triggered the establishment of the Line of Actual Control (LAC), which neither nation could definitively agree upon.

According to Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Zhao Lijian, the area is part of Southern Tibet.Zhao stated, “Zangnan (the southern part of China’s Tibet) is located in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. It has been China’s territory since ancient times.”

“The Chinese side was asked to refrain from such actions and maintain peace and tranquillity along the border,” a spokesperson at India’s Ministry of Defence said. “The issue has also been taken up with the Chinese side through diplomatic channels.”

Chinese foreign ministry spokesperson Wang Wenbin painted a peaceful portrait of the India-China border situation, affirming that it was “generally stable,” as reported by Reuters.

After months of tension, India and China have reached an agreement over the contested Ladakh region. On September 9th, a mutual disengagement from the Gogra-Hot Springs area was announced by New Delhi’s Ministry of External Affairs, signaling progress in resolving the ongoing dispute between these two world powers.

On Tuesday December 13th, Rajnath Singh, India’s defense minister, boldly declared that Chinese troops had crossed over into Indian territory and attempted to alter the state of affairs along the Yangtse border. His address in Parliament was met with passionate approval from lawmakers, as they commended his efforts to protect their nation’s independence.

Line of Actual Control (LAC)

With a vast, contested border endlessly shifting through great lakes and snow-capped mountains, China and India face off with two of the world’s largest armies on either side. The Line of Actual Control, which is 3,440 kilometers (2,100 miles) long and is also known as LAC, has been an ever-changing source of tension between both countries for decades.

There have been tensions between India and China for months with skirmishes often popping up throughout the region.

A major clash in June 2020 left twenty Indian and four Chinese soldiers dead in the Galwan Valley of Ladakh. Although both nations have been attempting to de-escalate since this tragedy occurred, tensions remain high across borders.

After forty-five years of peaceful coexistence, a heated battle has erupted between two sides in the area. This confrontation has proven fatal for participants on both sides.

In early January 2021, troops from China and India clashed at the Sikkim border amid rising tensions between the two countries. Located between Bhutan and Nepal, this dangerous standoff led to many casualties—again on both sides of the dispute.

In a breakthrough move to de-escalate the India-China troops clash, the two countries reached an agreement in September for the withdrawal of troops from a long-disputed border region near the Western Himalayas.

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