The Greek diaspora, or the number of people with Greek ancestry living outside of the country, is one of the most widespread and largest in the world.
Since ancient times, Greeks have traveled the world, making the their homes in countries far away from their ancestral land.
In terms of calculating the number of Greeks living both in Greece and around the world, there are a number of factors that obscure the true figure, including assimilation into another country’s culture, conversion to other religions, name changes, and marriages to people who are not of Greek ancestry.
According to data from the United Nations, Greece itself currently has a population of 10,322,026.
Greek diaspora numbers in the millions
Recent estimates of the General Secretariat of Hellenes Abroad show that there are more than 5,000,000 people of Greek origin that live outside of the Greek borders scattered around 140 countries across the globe.
This means that there are at least around fifteen million Greeks living around the world today.
The countries with the most people of Greek descent outside of Greece are the US, Germany, Australia, Canada, the UK, and Albania.
The United States is home to the largest population of those of Greek descent outside of Greece with over three million Greek-Americans, mainly third or fourth generation immigrants, residing in the country.
Despite the high number of people of Greek descent living in America, only around 300,000 people in the US speak the Greek language.
Numbering nearly 400,000, Greek-Australians are the seventh-largest ethnic group in Australia, and they have made their mark on the country’s culture and history.
Canada is also home to a thriving Greek community, particularly in Toronto, Vancouver, and Montreal. According to a 2016 census, there are 271,405 Canadians of Greek descent in the country and an estimated 62,715 Greek-born residents living in Canada.
Germany is home to around 400,000 people of Greek descent, and the figure has been consistently rising in the years since Greece began facing an economic crisis, as many young Greeks have moved to the country in hopes of finding work.
The UK has also welcomed many young Greeks in recent years, and there are an estimated 300,000 to 400,000 Greeks and people of Greek descent living in the country.
Although widely considered unreliable, Albania’s recent census data claims that there are only 25,000 Greeks living in the country.
Other estimates number Albania’s Greek community, including those of Greek descent and those with Greek passports, to be around 250,000 to 300,000.
Despite its distance from Greece, Latin America is home to many Greeks of the diaspora, who find the warm, family-centered Latin0-American culture very familiar.
The Greek community is particularly large in Chile, where an estimated 120,000 people of Greek descent reside.
The flow of people to and from Greece and its Mediterranean neighbors, especially in the Middle East and North Africa, has been widespread since antiquity.
There have been Greeks living in Egypt for thousands of years, contributing to the country’s culture, history, and society; yet, many were forced to leave the country after the Egyptian Revolution of 1952.
Currently, the once thriving Greek diaspora community has been reduced to just 5,000, but some historians argue that the figure does not represent the true amount of Greeks living in the country, as many officially changed their nationality to Egyptian after the Revolution.