German occupation

Stylianos Kyriakides: The Legendary Marathon Man Who Ran for Greece

Stylianos (Stelios) Kyriakides is a Greek legend for all Marathon runners, although he is best known for winning first place in the Boston Marathon in 1946.

Author Reexamines Greek Famine During Years of Nazi Occupation

Just one week before the great national holiday of OXI Day, when the nation of Greece proudly commemorates its leader declaring a clear "No!" to the forces of fascism, it is timely to take another look at life under...

The Massacre of Hundreds of Civilians at Viannos, Crete, Still Haunts Greece

The Viannos area massacres, known as the “Viannos Holocaust,” was a mass extermination campaign launched by Nazi forces against the civilian residents of around 20 villages located in the areas of east Viannos and west Ierapetra provinces on the...

Kastellorizo: The First Greek Land Liberated from the Nazis

On September 13, 1943, a Greek destroyer sailed in all its glory to the small port of Kastellorizo, the south-easternmost island of Greece, marking the beginning of the end of the German occupation of Greece. The sight of the Greek...

The Holocaust of Greek Jews

Once thriving communities in several Greek cities, about 59,000 Greek Jews were victims of the Holocaust or 83 percent of the total number living in Greece at the time of World War II and the German Occupation. Thessaloniki was the cultural...

Kalavryta: The Bloodiest Nazi Massacre in Greece

December 13, 1943 marks the date of the worst atrocity committed in Greece by the Nazi occupying forces, as more than 500 innocent civilians were executed, and the entire town of Kalavryta was burned to the ground. The Massacre of...

Gorgopotamos: The Greatest Moment of Greek Resistance to the Nazis

The blowing up of the Gorgopotamos railway bridge on November 25, 1942 still stands as the greatest and most courageous moment of Greek resistance to the German occupation forces of WWII. On September 29, 1942, a group of twelve British...

The Day the Nazi Occupation Army Left Athens

It was a sunny autumn day when the bells in the churches of Athens started ringing joyously and the citizens rushed out on the streets, many of them waving the Greek flag in celebration. Everyone knew why. The bells...

Greeks Commemorate Nazi Atrocities at Viannos on September 16

Locals and government officials honored the memory of the 500 victims of the Viannos Holocaust by the Nazis on September 14-16, 1943 with ceremonies in churches and at monuments in the villages of Viannos on Crete on Monday. The commemorative...

September 5, 1944: Greek 17-Year-Old Heroine is Executed by the Nazis

The name of Hero Konstantopoulou will remain in Greek history as synonymous with bravery and patriotism. The beautiful 17-year-old girl was killed by the Nazi conquerors on September 5, 1944, only one month before the liberation of Greece. Hero Konstantopoulou...