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Mesopotamia

From Mycenae to Mesopotamia: Ancient Greek Relations With Assyria

  The first mention of Assyria by ancient Greeks was in the middle of the 7th century BC, although they were not familiar with the exact geographical designation of the country. What ancient Greeks believed was Assyria was a vague geographical...

When Did Ancient Egyptians Start Using Hieroglyphs?

Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs were commonly etched into stone and used in temples, tombs, and other monuments, with the first fully formed sentence found around 2800 BC. The word "hieroglyphs" comes from the Greek adjective "hieroglyphikos," meaning "sacred carving." Early forms...

4,500-Year-Old Sumerian Palace Discovered in Iraq Desert

A Sumerian palace discovered recently in modern-day Iraq dates back 4,500 years and is considered to contain the key to understanding one of the first civilizations in human history. Since 2015, a team of British Museum-affiliated archaeologists has been excavating...

New Study Disproves Babylon’s Ishtar Gate Was Built After Jerusalem’s Conquest

Using archaeomagnetism encouraged by mud bricks bearing the stamps of the names of Mesopotamian kings, archaeologists have been able to disprove the claim that the monumental Ishtar Gate of Babylon was erected to celebrate the conquest of Jerusalem. The...

3,200 Year-Old Mesopotamian Perfume Recreated

A 3,200-year-old Mesopotamian fragrance has recently been recreated in Diyarbakır, Turkey based on a formula left on an ancient clay tablet by a renowned female perfume maker of the time named Tapputi. The perfume formula was discovered by archaeologists on...

Scientists Create AI to Translate Ancient Akkadian Cuneiform

Scholars who specialize in the study of ancient Mesopotamia, known as Assyriology, face the challenging task of decoding Akkadian texts written in cuneiform. Cuneiform, named after its wedge-shaped marks made on clay tablets using a reed stylus, is one of...

5,000-Year-Old Tavern Discovered in Ancient City of Lagash in Iraq

A tavern dating back to roughly 2,700 BC has been discovered at the excavation site of ancient Lagash in southern Iraq. Lagash was an important city-state in ancient Mesopotamia. The discovery was announced last week by the University of Pennsylvania....

Bronze Age Tombs in Cyprus Yield Solid Gold Tiara, Necklace

Newly-excavated Bronze Age tombs near the sea in Cyprus revealed the remains of an aristocratic family wearing solid gold necklaces and tiaras, surrounded by grave goods from faraway lands, showing the extensive trade networks of the time. A seal from...

Looted Artifacts Returned to Iraq Could Open Path for Parthenon Marbles

Looted artifacts have been returned to Iraq. The move could impact Greece's quest for the return of the Parthenon Marbles.