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10 Countries You Probably Didn’t Know they Exist

Snowfall in Bhutan. Credit: Christopher J. Fynn, CC BY-SA 3.0/Wikipedia

There are numerous countries in the world that are not as popular or well-known as others, yet they have their own unique cultures, histories, and traditions.

These lesser-known countries are often overlooked despite their rich heritage, fascinating landscapes, and diverse populations. We will look at some of the world’s lesser-known countries, their cultures, and what makes them unique.

10 lesser-known countries


One of the world’s lesser-known countries is Bhutan, a landlocked country located in the eastern Himalayas.

Bhutan is known for its unique Gross National Happiness philosophy, which measures the country’s success based on the happiness of its citizens rather than economic growth.

The country also has a strong Buddhist culture, with many ancient temples and monasteries that attract visitors from around the world.

Bhutan is also home to some of the world’s most stunning landscapes, including the Paro Valley, which is surrounded by snow-capped mountains and offers breathtaking views of the Himalayan peaks.


Top of Voltzberg, Suriname. Credit: Jan Willem Broekema, CC BY-SA 4.0/Wikipedia

Another lesser-known country is Suriname, which is located on the northeastern coast of South America. Suriname is a melting pot of cultures, with an ethnically diverse population that includes indigenous Amerindians, Africans, and Asians.

The country is also home to some of the world’s most unique and pristine rainforests, which are home to a variety of plant and animal species.

Suriname is also known for its delicious cuisine, which includes dishes such as pom, a traditional Surinamese dish made with mashed yams and chicken.


Traditional dancing, Tonga. Credit: Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, CC BY 2.0/Wikipedia

Tonga is another lesser-known country, located in the heart of the South Pacific. Tonga is known for its friendly locals, stunning beaches, and crystal-clear waters.

The country is also home to some of the world’s most unique traditions, such as the kava ceremony, which is a traditional way of sharing a drink made from the root of the kava plant.

Tonga is also one of the few countries in the world that has never been colonized, which has allowed its people to maintain their unique culture and traditions.


The Mongolian horse continues to be revered as the national symbol. Credit: PDTillman, CC BY-SA 2.0/Wikipedia

Mongolia is another lesser-known country that is located in Central Asia. Mongolia is known for its vast and rugged landscape, which includes the Gobi Desert and the Altai Mountains.

The country is also home to a rich nomadic culture, with many people still living in traditional ger tents and following the ancient practices of their forefathers.

Mongolia is also home to a unique cuisine that includes dishes such as buuz, which are steamed dumplings filled with meat and vegetables.


South of Onotoa Atoll at Kiribati. Credit: Edvac, CC BY-SA 3.0/Wikipedia

Kiribati an island country in Oceania in the Central Pacific Ocean. Its permanent population is over 119,000 (2020), with more than half of whom live on Tarawa atoll. The state comprises 32 atolls and one remote raised coral island, Banaba.

Kiribati gained its independence from the United Kingdom, becoming a sovereign state in 1979.

It is one of the least developed countries in the world and is highly dependent on international aid for its economy.


Nauruan police cadets undergoing training. Credit: Lorrie Graham, CC BY 2.0/Wikipedia

Nauru is a small island country located in the Pacific Ocean. It is the third smallest country in the world after Vatican City and Monaco. Nauru was a British colony until it gained independence in 1968. The country is known for its phosphate mining industry, which has been its main source of income for many years.

The people of Nauru are primarily of Nauruan descent, and the official language is Nauruan. English is also widely spoken. The country is home to just over 10,000 people, and its capital city is Yaren.

Nauru is a beautiful island with stunning beaches and clear waters.


Primary school class in Lesotho. Credit: Michael Denne , CC BY-SA 2.0/Wikipedia

Lesotho is a small, landlocked country located in southern Africa. It is surrounded by South Africa and has a population of about 2 million people. The country is known for its breathtaking landscapes, including the Drakensberg Mountains and the Maluti Mountains.

Lesotho has a rich cultural heritage, which can be seen in its traditional music, dance, and crafts. The Basotho people, who make up the majority of the population, have a strong sense of community and take pride in their history and traditions.

The economy of Lesotho is largely based on agriculture, with subsistence farming being the main source of income for many people. The country also has a thriving textile industry, which provides employment for thousands of people.


Grand Anse Beach, Grenada. Credit: Vkap , CC BY 3.0/Wikipedia

Grenada is a small island country located in the southeastern Caribbean Sea. It is known for its stunning natural beauty, including lush rainforests, picturesque beaches, and vibrant coral reefs. The country is also home to a diverse and friendly population, with a rich cultural heritage that blends African, European, and Caribbean influences.

While Grenada is perhaps best known for its tourism industry, which attracts visitors from around the world to its pristine beaches and luxury resorts, there is much more to this fascinating country than meets the eye.

Grenada has a long and complex history, having been colonized by the French and British before gaining its independence in 1974. Today, the country is a parliamentary democracy with a stable government and a growing economy.


Escaldes-Engordany in Andorra. Credit: Luis Miguel Bugallo Sánchez, CC BY-SA 3.0/Wikipedia

Andorra is a small country situated in southwestern Europe, between France and Spain. With an area of only 467 square kilometers, it is considered as one of the smallest countries in the world. Despite its small size, Andorra is known for its breathtaking natural beauty, rich culture, and unique history.

The country’s landscape is characterized by stunning mountain ranges, crystal-clear lakes, and verdant forests. The Pyrenees Mountains, which form the natural boundary between France and Spain, are a major attraction for adventure enthusiasts who love skiing, hiking, and mountain climbing.

In addition, Andorra has several natural parks and reserves that are home to diverse flora and fauna, including rare species such as the Pyrenean Chamois and the Bonelli’s Eagle.

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Fishermen at Bequia Island, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Public Domain

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is a small island nation located in the eastern Caribbean Sea. It is comprised of 32 islands, including the main island of Saint Vincent and smaller islands such as Bequia, Mustique, and Canouan. The nation is known for its pristine beaches, lush rainforests, and vibrant culture.

The earliest inhabitants of Saint Vincent were the Carib people, who arrived on the island around 1500 BC. They lived off the land, fishing and hunting for food, and were known for their fierce resistance to European colonization. In 1627, the English established a colony on the island, but it was not until 1763 that they gained complete control of Saint Vincent.

Throughout the 19th century, Saint Vincent suffered from a lack of economic opportunities, leading many of its inhabitants to migrate to other islands in the Caribbean, the United States, and Canada. However, the island’s fortunes improved in the 20th century with the growth of the tourism industry. Saint Vincent’s breathtaking beaches and natural beauty drew visitors from around the world, providing a much-needed boost to the local economy.

There are many more lesser-known countries in the world that are worth exploring and discovering. These countries are often overlooked, but they have their own unique cultures, heritages, and traditions that are just as fascinating and beautiful as those of more popular destinations.

Whether you are looking for stunning natural landscapes, delicious cuisine, or fascinating cultural experiences, these countries have something to offer everyone.

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