Greece
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Ioannis Metaxas

The Greek OXI Was a Message of Freedom to the World

Throughout the history of Greece, the word "OXI" ("No") was spoken to the enemy several times in several different ways. It was on the lips of Leonidas when he faced the mighty Persian army in Thermopylae many centuries ago....

Eighty Years Later Greece Repeats Its Historic OXI, This Time to Turkey

It has been 80 years since the great "OXI!" Greek Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas said to the fascist powers of Italy, yet the events of the days leading to October 28, 1940 are similar to today, as Greece says...

What if the Greeks Did Not Say "Oxi" on October 28, 1940?

October 28 is a Greek national holiday, but not without its share of criticism, as there are those who argue that it commemorates the country's entry into a war instead of a victory or a liberation day, as is...

The Black Day the Nazis Attacked Greece (video)

It was April 6, 1941 when armed forces from Germany launched a massive attack on Greece's northern border after the Italian army had earlier failed miserably in its attempt to invade Greece. Adolf Hitler's original plan was to send his...

The Duty of Repeating the Proud 'OXI' of October 28, 1940 [video]

World War II started in September 1939, but Greece felt it for the first time when an Italian submarine torpedoed Greek warship "Elli" in August 15, 1940, during the feast of the Virgin Mary on Tinos. On the morning of...

How Greece Stopped Payments to Creditors 77 Years Ago

It was June 1939 when dictator Ioannis Metaxas decided to stop payments to Greece's creditors claiming the needs of Greek people as the reason. Greece's inability to fulfill its loan obligations had started in 1932, when after a series of...

The October 28, 1940 'OXI': Brave Words by Brave Men

Few great moments of Greece's history are so well documented as the defiant "OXI" Prime Minister Ioannis Metaxas told the Italian Ambassador in Athens Emanuele Grazzi at three o'clock in the morning of October 28, 1940. Grazzi visited Metaxas' home...

The OXI Greeks Need to Say Today

(Emblem of the 8th Infantry Division, the first Greek army unit that faced the Italian army in the Albanian front.)  On October 28, 1940, the Italian Ambassador to Greece, Emanuele Grazzi, visited Greek Prime Minister (and dictator) Ioannis Metaxas and demanded...

Tanks and Aircrafts to Return to 'OXI Day' Parade

This year’s October 28 parade, in remembrance of General Ioannis Metaxas' strong reply of 'oxi' (no) to Mussolini's request to allow Italian troops to come into Greece at the beginning of WW II, will include tanks and armored vehicles....