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Byzantium

The Legend of the Last Byzantine Emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos

In 1453, the Ottomans seized Constantinople, ending the Byzantine Empire and the life of its last emperor, Constantine Palaiologos.

Spectacular Mosaics Found in Byzantine Basilica in Ashdod, Israel

The ruins of a spectacular Byzantine-era basilica with intricate mosaics, unearthed in the Mediterranean city of Ashdod, Israel, have also proven to be the the site of a mass grave, according to recent research. The enormous basilica not only has...

Justinian II, The Byzantine Emperor Who Had His Nose Cut Off

Justinian II is remembered for his brutality as the last Byzantine emperor in the Heraclian dynasty. His reign of terror inspired a popular uprising to his rule, which resulted in his nose being forcefully cut off; he later replaced...

Kastoria: The Lakeside Gem of Northwestern Greece

Kastoria is a beautiful lakeside city in northwestern Greece famous for its fur and leather trade and its rich history that goes as far back as Byzantium

A Crusader’s History of the Sack of Constantinople

"De la Conquête de Constantinople" (On the Conquest of Constantinople), one of the oldest surviving examples of French prose, is considered to be the most important historical source on the Fourth Crusade and the tragic Sack of Constantinople. As disturbing...

The 1,500-Year-Old Byzantine Sandals with Sweet Message in Greek

A pair of sandals from Byzantine times discovered during a dig in Istanbul have become one of the major attractions of the city's archaeological museum. The sandals have a message in Greek which reads: "Use in health, lady, wear...

The Armenian Contribution to Hellenism and Orthodoxy

The ties of Armenian culture and Hellenism go back at least to the 6th century BC, as a reference to Armenia was made by Greek historian Heracletus of Miletus

Byzantine Army: The World’s Most Formidable Multi-Ethnic Force

The Byzantine Army was among the most powerful and effective military forces in the world from the 7th to the 12th centuries. Starting to operate around 395 AD, the army of Byzantium was a continuation of the mighty East Roman...

The Place of Byzantium in World History

Byzantium served as an important link between antiquity and the Renaissance, and much of Greek theology and thought can be traced back to the Byzantine Empire. by Alexander Billinis The summer is ending. In some jurisdictions, school has already started, and...

The Suda, The Byzantine Encyclopedia Written in the Year 1100

The Suda, the massive tome written by a Byzantine scholar around the year 1100, was one of the world's first encyclopedias and lexicons. Created as both a syllabary of the Greek language and an overview of events in the known...