It was August 9, 1978 when an Olympic Airways plane almost crashed into central Athens, with the pilot managing to avoid the disaster in just the last seconds of the flight.
It was a hot August day at Ellinikon International Airport when 400 passengers boarded the Olympic Airways flight 411 to New York, most of them U.S. citizens returning from their summer vacation in Greece. There were eighteen crew members on that long-distance trans-Atlantic flight.
The pilot, Sifis Migadis,who was in charge of piloting the 370-ton jumbo jet had 32 years of flying experience. Next to him was co-pilot Constantinos Fikardos, also a seasoned pilot with whom he flew frequently.
What transpired in just the span of 93 seconds on that day will be forever engraved in the minds of the 418 people aboard the Olympic Airways Boeing 747.
Take-off — and engine failure
At 2:00 pm on that day, the crew took their seats and the plane entered the runway for takeoff. The aircraft was carrying 160 tons of fuel, as it would fly directly from Athens to New York.
During takeoff, the aircraft could not get high enough; before the wheels could come off the ground, an explosion was heard from the right engine, which had been damaged.
Migadis could not stop the plane and ordered Fikardos to pick up the wheels to continue takeoff.
Meanwhile, the flight engineer, as soon as he saw the damage in the engine, cut off the water by turning off the water injection system in all the engines. With this, the plane lost 4,500 pounds of thrust.
The pilot was struggling to get the Boeing 747 high enough up and people from ground control thought that the plane would crash into the city of Athens.
With a minimum height of altitude, the pilot managed to pass over the first obstacle, which was a hill in Alimos neighborhood, which was 200 meters (656 feet) high.
Migadis flew at an altitude of only 209 meters (685 feet) before the plane started losing altitude again. At the same time, Fikardos was sending desperate emergency signals to the control tower.
Alarms at the airport rang out while the huge jumbo jet flew over the apartment buildings of Kallithea and Nea Smyrni, almost scratching the top of the Interamerican building on Syggrou Avenue.
According to a flight attendant, from the windows they could look out and see the employees working in the offices looking back at the plane, completely flabbergasted.
At that moment, the aircraft was flying at a speed of just 160 miles an hour, an incredible 55 meters (180 feet) above the ground.
The pilot decides to crash on a hill
Migadis chose to keep the aircraft stable in a horizontal position, as he knew the law of aerodynamics very well. As he had said in an interview, he broke many aviation rules in order to keep his plane in the air.
He decided not to turn it around and try to maneuver his way out of the situation. He kept the jet going straight forward, as he had decided to try to get to Mount Egaleo, to crash the plane in an uninhabited area.
During those dramatic 93 seconds the two men in the cockpit were silent. At the same time, the engineer was desperately trying to repair the engines in any way he could, while the pilots were focused, calm and collected.
This was the reason why most passengers did not understand what was going on and had the impression that the low flight over Athens was scheduled. In fact some of them were taking pictures from the windows as they were passing just above the rooftops.
At 2:05 pm a light breeze helped the Boeing 747 go a few feet higher, which in combination with the reduction of water helped the aircraft to turn slightly before the plane crashed into Athens’ Mount Egaleo.
The landing at Ellinikon
Right before the plane would have crashed into Mount Egaleo, Migadis made a last second decision and completed some last-ditch maneuvers, managing to turn the aircraft around and fly back to Ellinikon.
People at the control tower did not know what was going on because there was no communication from the cockpit. When they saw the Boeing 747 coming back from Piraeus, could not believe their eyes.
Migadis flew over the sea near Piraeus and emptied some of the fuel, making the aircraft lighter, enabling him to take the jumbo jet safely back to Ellinikon and landing it.
The return of the aircraft was met with delirious applause on the ground. When Migadis got off the plane, he saw his two daughters waiting for him.
The two women had been alarmed by a cousin, who had seen the plane flying a few meters above the Panionios soccer grounds and told them that it almost hit the light pylons and would have crashed.
Migadis’ composure, skills and experience undoubtedly saved thousands of lives, had the plane crashed in a populated area. The aircraft flew at low altitudes that seem impossible. Even engineers from Boeing said that it was not possible for that particular aircraft to stay in the air going at such low speeds.
After the near-tragedy, Migadis, like the hero he was, resumed his seat in the cockpit of a replacement aircraft, and at 6:00 pm, with the rest of the crew, flew the 400 passengers over the Atlantic to New York City.
As Migadis stated in a 1994 interview, “Those of us who survived that day are stowaways in life.”