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Experts Find Ancient Greek Heritage in Bulgarian Black Sea Coast

Excavations of the ancient Greek colony of Apollonia Pontica (Balkan Heritage Field School)

Greek heritage from six centuries before Christ has been uncovered by archaeologists exploring the ancient Hellenic colony of Apollonia Pontica in modern-day Bulgaria.

According to the Archaeology in Bulgaria news site, the dig has uncovered the well-preserved remains of a dwelling as well as artifacts that include a special wine vessel showing the classical Greek Oedipus myth and the Sphinx.

The finds were made during high-priority excavations near the Black Sea town of Sozopol, inside the Old Town Archaeological Preserve on the Skamni Peninsula.

Apollonia Pontica (Courtesy of the Balkan Heritage Field School)

The news finds were made six feet below the foundations for a 19th-century home. Soil in the area has also thrown up later artefacts, such as crosses of bone and bronze from the 11th century.

Wine vessel with Oedipus and the Sphinx discovered in Bulgaria . (Photo:

It is thought the Skamni Peninsula has been inhabited non-stop from ancient Greek times.

The town was founded in the 7th century BC by Greek colonists from Miletus as Antheia. Its name was later changed to Apollonia because of its temple dedicated to Apollo featuring a huge statue of the god.


The colony was eventually sacked by the Romans in 72 BC who took  the statue of Apollo to Rome and placed it in the Capitol.

These latest finds also come hot on the heels of other Hellenic discoveries in the region. In 2016, experts found the remains of an ancient temple dedicated to the Greek goddesses of Demeter and Persephone.

Ancient Greek presence around the Black Sea

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