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Ottomans

Crete Celebrates Union with Greece On December 1st

On December 1st, 1913, the island of Crete was officially integrated into the Greek state, after exactly one month earlier, Sultan Mehmet V had relinquished all sovereignty over the island. Crete's liberation from Ottoman rule was a violent struggle that...

The Legend of the Last Byzantine Emperor, Constantine Palaiologos

On May 29, 1453, the Ottoman army, led by Mehmed the Conqueror, seized Constantinople, putting a violent end to one of the longest-lasting empires in history. Along with it, the seizing of the great city also ended the life...

The Historical Memory of Constantinople, 567 Years After the Fall

Michael Goodyear* May 29, 1453: the final Ottoman assault on Constantinople succeeds. Ottoman cannon fire had battered the great Theodosian Walls of the city. The last Byzantine emperor, Constantine XI Palaiologos-Dragases, had torn off his imperial regalia and died fighting...

Armenian Genocide: Remembering the Mass Murder of Christians in Turkey

The systematic mass murder and expulsion of 1.5 million ethnic Armenians carried out in Turkey and adjoining regions by the Ottoman government between 1914 and 1923 is commemorated on April 24 every year. The Armenian Genocide was an atrocity which...

Chios Massacre: The Worst Atrocity Committed by the Ottomans Against Greeks

The Chios massacre of 1822 was perhaps the worst atrocity carried out by the Ottomans against Greeks during the War of Independence. Approximately three-quarters of the population of 120,000 were killed, enslaved or died of disease after thousands of Turkish...

Historic City of Ioannina Celebrates Anniversary of Ottoman Liberation

February 21 marks the day in 1913 when the historic city of Ioannina, the capital of Epirus in north-western Greece, was liberated from the Ottoman troops. The city, which endured centuries of Ottoman rule until 1913, celebrates the union with...