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Cleopatra

Cleopatra, The Greek Queen of Ancient Egypt

Cleopatra VII Philopater ruled over Ancient Egypt from 51 to 30 BC and was the last ruler of the Ptolemaic Kingdom in Egypt. After her death, the Roman Empire took control of the country. The Ptolemaic Dynasty was formed by...

Queen Cleopatra’s Sole Surviving Handwriting Is a Single Greek Word

The sole surviving sample of Queen Cleopatra's handwriting, found on an ancient papyrus, reveals a single Greek word, "ginesthoi" (Greek: γίνεσθοι), meaning "make it happen" or " so be it". This remarkable document is a royal decree dated back to...

Seleucids: The Rivals of Cleopatra’s Dynasty

Cleopatra VII Philopator is one of the most famous figures of antiquity, but few people are familiar with the fascinating history of her ancestors. The Ptolemaic Dynasty, to which she belonged, was founded by Ptolemy I Soter, one of the...

Warrior Women: the Ancient World Was Full of Female Fighters

One of the great things about computer games is that anything is possible in the almost endless array of situations on offer, whether they are realistic or fantasy worlds. But it has been reported that gamers are boycotting Total...

Ptolemaic Dynasty, The Royal Family of Cleopatra

Cleopatra VII Philopator is one of the most famous figures of antiquity, but few people are familiar with the fascinating history of her ancestors. The Ptolemaic Dynasty, to which she belonged, was founded by Ptolemy I Soter, one of the...

Cleopatra’s Favorite Perfume Recreated

Scientists have recently recreated Cleopatra's favorite perfume from a recipe written in Ancient Greek nearly two millennia ago. The Greek queen of ancient Egypt's legacy as an exotic, seductive, and powerful ruler of Egypt has persisted throughout the centuries. While she...

Ancient Greeks Used Cosmetics in Eternal Search for Beauty

The Greek word "kosmetika" is the root of the English word ‘cosmetics.’ The word also meant any product that protected the hair and face.

The Black Pharaohs of Ancient Egypt

Netflix's Queen Cleopatra docuseries has caused an immense storm of controversy surrounding its depiction of Cleopatra VII Philopator as a black woman, and whilst Cleopatra herself was not black, there were indeed black pharaohs who ruled over Egypt at...

Why was Julius Caesar Killed?

On March 15th 44 B.C., Julius Caesar entered the Senate of Rome and was brutally murdered by twenty-three dagger strikes. His death is commonly understood to be the end of the Roman Republic and to have inaugurated the age...

How are Cleopatra and Napoleon Related?

In the centuries since the deaths of antiquity's greatest generals, namely Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar, it was not uncommon for the military minds of subsequent eras to be compared to these towering ancient figures. Napoleon Bonaparte, the foremost...