Source of Strange Booming Sound in Thessaloniki Discovered

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Thessaloniki noise sound
A strange booming sound has been plaguing residents of Thessaloniki of late. Some describe the noise as “otherworldly.” Credit: Greek Reporter

The source of the strange booming sound plaguing residents of the northern Greek city of Thessaloniki was finally located on Tuesday.

Nearly every night since December, residents of the city have been jolted awake by the banging noise they describe as deafening, and even otherworldly.

The sound can be heard in many neighborhoods across the city, but is most audible in the area at the intersections of Kifisias and Akropoleos streets.

Agis Papadopoulos, the President of the Thessaloniki Water Supply authority, announced on Tuesday that the sound was coming from routine tuning of the water supply running through the neighborhood of Meteora, where the sound was most prominent.

Representatives from Thessaloniki Water Supply previously assured the public that the noise was not coming from any work being done on its pipes.

Papadopoulos stated that the sound was the result of an anomaly in the water flow through the pipes.

“Imagine that the water flows through the pipes like a wave. If there is some sort of anomaly in the flow, the contact between the water and the pipe can produce a sound. There was no blockage,” he stated.

Previous theories regarding strange sound in Thessaloniki

Previous theories regarding the cause of the sound included seismic and geological phenomena, but Geology Professor Efthimios Lekkas stated on television news channel ANT1 that the noise is not likely to be natural in origin; rather, it likely came from human activity.

Before the source of the sound was uncovered, Gerasimos Houliaras, the Head of Geodynamic Research at the National Observatory of Athens, reassured viewers of the news network ERT that researchers from the Aristotle University in Thessaloniki were conducting tests into whether or not the noise is coming from some sort of geological event or from something mechanical.

Witnesses reported that the sound seemed to be emanating from the Seikh Su, a hilltop forest to the north of the city.

A local resident spoke to ThessToday.gr, expressing his fears regarding the eerie noise in Thessaloniki:

“When we are at the spot where it is especially loud, we feel as if there is someone hitting the earth from the inside. There is a natural gas conductor at the spot. We are all afraid because we don’t know where it’s coming from. There are people who wake up from the noise early in the morning, at 2:00 and 3:00 AM. Yesterday, I myself was awake at 5:30 AM and I heard it.”

Thessaloniki is the second-largest city in Greece

Thessaloniki, Greece’s second largest city and the capital of Macedonia, is both historic and avant-garde.

The ancient city, located in northern Greece, has a rich history stretching from antiquity to the modern era, but is most noted for its importance during the Byzantine period.

During that time, Thessaloniki was a competitor with the great city of Constantinople in terms of its wealth and influence.

It is known today as a student city, because the Aristotle University, one of the best and largest schools in Greece, is located there.

Full of life and young people, Thessaloniki is an ancient city that is always on the cutting edge. Interesting bars, restaurants, and shops line the streets, and pedestrians easily stumble upon ruins from the many periods of the city’s history during their daily walks.

The White Tower is by far Thessaloniki’s most iconic monument.The current 23-meter (75 foot) tall structure was built on top of a Byzantine fortification first mentioned in the 12th century AD.

After the Ottoman Empire invaded and seized control of the city in 1430, the existing tower was built on top of the old Byzantine structure. It connected with the city’s defensive walls, which were unfortunately mostly destroyed in 1866.

Throughout its Ottoman history, the White Tower was called “the Tower of Blood” or “the Red Tower” because of its reputation as a prison in which many were brutally tortured.

NASA’s Curiosity Rover Finds Ancient Carbon Signature on Mars

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NASA Mars
NASA’s Curiosity Rover found an ancient trace of life on Mars. Credit: NASA CC BY-NC 2.0

A piece of sediment discovered by NASA’s Curiosity Rover on Sunday contained carbon — a possible trace of ancient life on the Red Planet.

Carbon is a tell-tale sign of much bigger life processes, as carbon is the building block of organisms and goes through its own carbon cycle to recycle atoms everywhere in the environment on Earth. Carbon moves from the atmosphere to the ground and then back to the atmosphere.

Thus, researchers can use carbon atoms to trace a larger story of ancient life on Mars. The Curiosity Rover first touched down on the Gale Crater on Mars in August 2021. The crater, which is 96 miles long, was created by a meteor that struck Mars’s surface roughly 3.5 billion to 3.8 billion years ago. The crater is believed to have once been a lake.

Curiosity drilled into the sediment of the Gale Crater between August 2021 and July 2021. The rover then heated those samples to 1,562 degrees Fahrenheit, and the elements contained in the samples separated, releasing the carbon atoms.

“The samples extremely depleted in carbon 13 are a little like samples from Australia taken from sediment that was 2.7 billion years old,” said Christopher H. House, lead study author and professor of geoscience at Pennsylvania State University, in a statement.

“Those samples were caused by biological activity when methane was consumed by ancient microbial mats, but we can’t necessarily say that on Mars because it’s a planet that may have formed out of different materials and processes than Earth.”

Mars rock gets caught in Perseverance Rover

NASA’s Mars Rover Perseverance got a rock sample lodged in its “throat” while collecting debris in December. The rover, which collected the sample at the end of last month, has been unable to fully process the rock.

“I recently captured my sixth rock core and have encountered a new challenge. Seems some pebble-sized debris is obstructing my robotic arm from handing off the tube for sealing/storage. More images and data to come. #SamplingMars takes perseverance,” read a statement posted to Twitter by the mission’s team members on Friday.

Perseverance is a six-wheeled, car-sized rover that is currently in the process of collecting Red Planet rock samples, of which this stuck pebble is the sixth. Problems arose when Perseverance attempted to transfer the sample, contained inside a titanium tube, into a “bit carousel,” a moving structure located on Perseverance’s chassis. It was during this pass-off that the sample got lodged in the rover’s machinery.

“The designers of the bit carousel did take into consideration the ability to continue to successfully operate with debris,” wrote Louise Jandura, chief engineer for sampling and caching at NASA’s Jet propulsion Laboratory in Southern California, in a blog post.

“However, this is the first time we are doing a debris removal, and we want to take whatever time is necessary to ensure these pebbles exit in a controlled and orderly fashion,” Jandura explained.

East Med Gas Feasible Only Through Turkey, Erdogan Says

EastMed gas pipeline Turkey
Erdogan cites the US’ change of heart about the EastMed pipeline, saying that Israeli gas headed to Europe can only be transported through Turkey. Credit: Turkish Presidency

The EastMed pipeline project, which aimed to bring natural gas from Israel directly to Europe cannot become a reality without Turkey, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said on Monday.

“This is not a project that can be materialized. They (the U.S.) made all the analyses of this, they saw that there is nothing positive about this business,” Erdogan told journalists onboard a plane during his return from Albania, Turkish daily Hurriyet reported.

The U.S. withdrew from the project because it would have been very costly, he added.

Erdogan was referring to the U-turn by the U.S., which has apparently given up on the project.

Greece, Cyprus and Israel signed an agreement in early January 2020 to construct the EastMed pipeline, to be completed by 2025, with an estimated cost of $7 billion.

EastMed pipeline Turkey
astMed Pipeline project map: Credit: Randam/Wikipedia CC BY-SA 4.0

The project had been hailed by the European Union, as the pipeline would limit Europe’s dependence on Russian gas.

The U.S. had been supportive of the project from the very beginning. Frank Fannon, then-Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Energy Resources (ENR) was present at a meeting in Athens in August 2019 when the project was agreed on.

However, it appears there is a change of line now, with the U.S. expressing reservations about the pipeline, proposing more green-friendly alternatives.

EastMed pipeline cannot be done without Turkey

“This business cannot be done without Turkey. Because if it will be transferred to Europe from here, it will only happen through Turkey,” Erdogan stated.

Turkey is eager to resume talks for bringing Israeli gas to Europe, he said.

The president recalled that Israel had earlier proposed to work on the project with Turkey in discussions with former Energy Minister Berat Albayrak.

“The work was going somewhere. Maybe then we could conclude it up with Israel. So, is there no hope of finalizing now? The terms can be discussed. Because the interest analysis of this business is very important,” the Turkish president said.

Greek Orthodox Patriarch Says Zionists Want to Expel Christians

Orthodox Church Jerusalem
The Christian quarter of Jerusalem. Credit: Wikimedia Commons

The Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, Theophilos III, told Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas on Monday that Zionist groups are trying to expel Christians from the Holy Land.

Theophilos and Abbas held a meeting in the President’s Ramallah office during which the Greek Orthodox patriarch described the current events in the Holy City and the ongoing targeting of Palestinian people — especially Christians.

The Patriarch expressed gratitude to President Abbas for his work supporting the preservation of Islamic and Christian holy sites and told Abbas about the Greek Orthodox Church’s current project of restoring the Mar Elias Monastery and Mar Mitri School in the Old City of Jerusalem, as well as the “Our Jerusalem” project, which seeks to support 400 apartments and a shopping center in Beit Hanina.

“We in Jerusalem, Mr. President, derive our resolve from you, and from your directives. We continue the process of construction and steadfastness and work towards achieving a just and comprehensive peace that guarantees the rights of the oppressed and preserves the true identity of the city of Jerusalem,” said the Patriarch.

Greek Orthodox Church in Jerusalem accuses Zionists of threatening Christians’ presence in the Holy City

The Greek Orthodox Church in Jerusalem accused on Sunday radical Israeli groups of threatening the presence of Christians in the Holy City.

Writing in the London Times, Theophilos III said that “Our churches are threatened by Israeli radical fringe groups. Our brothers and sisters are the victims of hate crimes. Our churches are regularly desecrated and vandalized. Our clergy are subject to frequent intimidation.”

Jerusalem is home to three monotheistic religions, Judaism, Christianity and Islam, and has long been an illuminating example of a mosaic community. It is the spiritual capital of the world, comprising a family of faiths, all of which enjoy a long and unique rich heritage.

Theophilos says that this ancient tradition in Jerusalem is now under threat by Zionist groups who are trying to buy property at Jaffa Gate, the main entrance to the Christian quarter of Old City Jerusalem.

Radical groups behavior “devastating for Orthodox and all Christians”

“Quite disingenuously they claim that their physical presence in there will not affect the integrity of the Christian Quarter. However, we know from their previous actions at St. John’s Hostel, a site even closer to the Holy Sepulchre which was also deceitfully taken over by them some years ago, that this is not true.

“Their behavior will be devastating for all Christians. Local families, who have lived here for generations, will be made to feel unwelcome in their own home and pilgrims who have longed to visit the birthplace of the Christian faith will have their experience diminished.”

Theophilos notes that these radicals are not representative of the state of Israel or the Jewish people, but warns that it is essential for the diversity and distinctive characters of all quarters of the Old City “to be protected for the benefit of Jerusalem and the whole world.”

On Sunday, an Israeli official told Reuters that the reality on the ground for Christians was completely different from that described by the patriarch, citing a Foreign Ministry statement on December 22 that rebutted the earlier church leaders’ claims.

 

US Airlines Warn 5G at Airports Could Cause Chaos

5G airlines
Major airlines are warning of disruptions over 5G technology near airports. Credit: Rickmouser45,  Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International/Wikipedia

The U.S’s largest airlines warned on Monday of “chaos” to their operations if telecommunication companies proceed with rolling out 5G technology without restricting the technology near airports.

The airlines want some 5G implementation, set to start on Wednesday, delayed near key airports in the US.

The CEO’s of major airlines said in a letter that the deployment of new 5G mobile internet technology could lead to the grounding of a number of flights due to interference from the technology, “potentially strand tens of thousands of Americans overseas” and lead to “chaos” for US flights.

“We are writing with urgency to request that 5G be implemented everywhere in the country except within the approximate two miles of airport runways as defined by the FAA,” wrote chief executives of American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, United Airlines, Southwest Airlines and six other passenger and cargo carriers, reports AFP.

Airlines warn flights could be grounded

In the letter addressed to transportation secretary Pete Buttigieg and other top federal officials, the top executives warned that “unless our major hubs are cleared to fly, the vast majority of the traveling and shipping public will essentially be grounded.”

AT&T — the world’s largest telecommunications company and the largest provider of mobile telephone services in the US — and Verizon, have already twice delayed the launch of their new C-Band 5G service, due to warnings from airlines and airplane manufacturers concerned that the new system might interfere with their ability to gauge altitude.

AT&T and Verizon had won nearly all of the C-band spectrum in an $80 billion auction last year.

The high-speed 5G internet uses so-called C-band frequencies close to those used by aircraft to measure their altitude, with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) warning potential interference could affect sensitive airplane instruments such as altimeters and significantly hamper low-visibility operations.

The two telecommunication companies argued that the airlines had years to upgrade the equipment that might be directly affected, reports the New York Times.

While some airlines on Monday were considering canceling some of the international flights scheduled to arrive on Wednesday, the chairman of the House Transportation Committee and the head of an aviation subcommittee have asked AT&T and Verizon to consider delaying some 5G deployments scheduled for Wednesday, around some US airport runways, reports AFP.

“Immediate intervention is needed to avoid significant operational disruption to air passengers, shippers, supply chain and delivery of needed medical supplies,” the letter said.

 

NATO Allies Send Weapons to Ukraine as Russia Tensions Mount

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NATO Ukraine Russia
Ukrainian border guards parade in the capital Kiev. Credit: Markiv Mykhailo, Attribution 4.0 International/Wikipedia

NATO ally the United Kingdom has begun supplying Ukraine with anti-tank weapons and Canada has reportedly deployed a small contingent of special forces to Kiev amid concerns of a possible invasion by Russia.

Speaking in the British parliament on Monday, Defence Secretary Ben Wallace said the UK had “taken the decision to supply Ukraine with light anti-armour defensive weapon systems”.

The first weaponry was delivered on Monday and a small number of British personnel would provide training for a short period of time, he said, without specifying the number and type of weapons that were being sent.

But he added, “They are not strategic weapons and pose no threat to Russia. They are to use in self-defence.

“These are short-range …. but nevertheless it would make people pause and think what they were doing and if tanks were to roll into Ukraine, invade it, then they would be part of the defence mechanism.”

In Kyiv, Ukraine’s Defence Minister Oleksii Reznikov welcomed the UK’s support, saying in a Twitter post that his country “highly appreciates Britain’s decision to provide a new security package with light, anti-armour, defensive weapon systems!”

Separately in Canada, Global News reported that Ottawa had dispatched special forces operators to Ukraine.

Citing unspecified sources, the TV broadcaster said the unit will identify ways to assist the Ukrainian government and help develop evacuation plans for Canadian diplomatic personnel in the event of a full-scale invasion.

A spokesperson for the Canadian Special Operations Forces Command said it could not confirm the report, but said it has supported the Ukrainian security forces on a periodic basis to provide training and “instructor and leadership expertise” since 2020.

Russia warns NATO to keep off Ukraine

The developments came as Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov angrily rejected claims by the United States last week that Moscow was preparing a pretext to invade Ukraine if diplomacy failed to meet its objectives.

While Moscow – which has deployed 100,000 troops near its border with Ukraine – denies plans for an attack against Ukraine, it has said it could take unspecified military action unless the West agrees to a list of demands, including banning Ukraine from ever joining NATO.

Vladimir Putin insists, among other things, that NATO bans Ukraine and other former Soviet states from ever becoming members of the organisation.

NATO flatly refused and the three summits held over the last week or so, between Russia and Western allies, have failed to find much common ground.

Last month President Biden voiced the deep concerns of the United States and its European Allies about Russia’s escalation of forces surrounding Ukraine and made clear that the U.S. and the Allies would respond with strong economic and other measures in the event of military escalation.

 

The Legacy of Vassilis Tsitsanis in Greek Music

 Vassilis Tsitsanis
Vassilis Tsitsanis’ compositions and bouzouki virtuosity have never been matched. Public Domain

When Vassilis Tsitsanis passed away on January 18, 1984, on his 69th birthday, music historians and experts knew that there will never be another Tsitsanis and all popular Greek music from then on would derive from his legacy alone.

Tsitsanis’ compositions and bouzouki virtuosity have never been matched, and never will be, and when Greeks speak of “laiko tragoudi” (people’s song) the image of the great musician is the first one that comes to mind.

Born in Trikala on January 18, 1915 – exactly 69 years before his death – he was one of 14 children of Kostas Tsitsanis, a tsarouhi maker from Epirus. It was a hard time for Greece then, and only four of Kostas Tsitsanis’ children survived, three sons and one daughter.

Vassilis’ love for music appeared early enough when he started playing his father’s mandolin. His brother Christos was playing bouzouki. Soon, the two brothers would play music in their father’s coffee shop in Trikala that had the family name.

The loss of his father at the age of 11 was a catalyst for the life of Vassilis Tsitsanis. The mandolin of his beloved father and mentor was modified into a bouzouki by a local music instrument maker. The young Vassilis was enchanted by the sound of the instrument, despite the fact that in high school he learned to play the violin.

Tsitsanis wrote his first song at the age of 15. A few years later, he left his Trikala home to go to Athens and study law. It was late 1936.

In order to supplement his income in the capital, he played music in taverns. “Bizelia” tavern in the poor neighborhood of Kolonos became his first “home” in Athens. There he met singer Dimitris Perdikopoulos, who took the young musician to Columbia records.

There, Tsitsanis made his first record in 1937. “Arhontissa” is the most famous song he recorded at the time. Along with it, he wrote, “This is Why I Wander,” “For These Black Eyes” and many others that were sang by Stratos Pagioumtzis, Stellakis Perpiniadis and Markos Vamvakaris.

In 1938 Tsitsanis was conscripted in the Greek army as a telegraph and radio operator. Almost every night, he would jump the wire fence of the army camp and go to play bouzouki in taverns. He also used his 48-hour furloughs to record for Columbia.

Vassilis Tsitsanis and rebetika

During that period, the young musician was impressed by the rebetika songs coming from the Greeks of Asia Minor. He incorporated the style and the oriental rhythms in his music. However, rebetika were censored at the time, as dictator Ioannis Metaxas was in power and he was against music coming from the East. Rebetika was marginalized to the point of being forbidden, and that was something that attracted Tsitsanis.

During the German Occupation, the musician moved to Thessaloniki where he played in various taverns. During those years he wrote many songs, which were recorded after the war: “Ungrateful”, “Bachtse Tsifliki”, “The Circus”, “Magical Nights”, “Beggar of Love”, “Derbederissa” and,of course, “Cloudy Sunday” (Synefiasmeni Kyriaki), his best-known song.

In 1946, when he went back to Athens, he recorded all these songs. The 1945 – 1955 decade was the most prolific for Tsitsanis, as he wrote the bulk of his popular songs during that period.

With his songs, Tsitsanis brought to the foreground new singers who later would become legends in people’s music, such as Marika Ninou, Sotiria Bellou or Prodromos Tsaousakis.

Vassilis Tsitsanis
Vassilis Tsitsanis playing his bouzouki. Public Domain

The songs were plenty and great: “We are Tramps,” “I Took the Streets and Come to You”, “We Broke Up at Sundown,” “Crazy Gypsy,” “The Rain Falls Hard”, “Beautiful Thessaloniki”, “The Mountains Echo”, “Factories”, “You Make Mistakes,” “Little Crabs”, “Every Night I’m Sad”, “Dawning and Dusk is Falling”, “Come as You Are”.

After the mid-1950s, the form of people’s songs is changing. So is the acceptance by the general public. People’s songs are no longer appreciated by the poor Greeks only. The newly formed middle class shows an appreciation of people’s songs as they become softer and more polished.

Eastern and Western influences start to enter the songs and music is not only played in taverns but in clubs and bars as well. Tsitsanis tries to acclimate without abandoning his personal style. The same is true in the coming years when the music atmosphere changes again.

Tsitsanis started writing songs with the new influences, sang by new singers who became big with the years: Stellios Kazantzidis, Grigoris Bithikotsis, Akis Gavalas, Manolis Angelopoulos, Kaiti Grey, Polly Panou, Haroula Lambraki, Stamatis Kokotas. But Tsitsanis started singing many of his songs himself as well.

In 1980, under the UNESCO aegis, a double album titled “Harama” was recorded – that was the name of the club Tsitsanis performed in the last 14 years of his career and his life. In the album, he plays a number of his classic songs and several improvisational tracks with his bouzouki.

In 1984, on his birthday, Tsitsanis passed away at Brompton Hospital in London after complications following a lung operation. Only 24 days ago he was still performing at Harama and writing new songs.

The Twindemic: the Flu and Covid-19 are Spreading Simultaneously

Twindemic
The flu has returned to Europe as Omicron spreads in early 2022. Credit: Vasiliki Chletsi/Greek Reporter

The flu has returned to Europe after temporarily being supplanted by Covid-19 last year. Countries are now on alert for the potential of a “twindemic,” a concurrent surge in flu cases and Covid-19 cases that could wreak havoc in hospitals.

Covid had pushed influenza aside last year, becoming the dominant infection across the globe. But now the flu is spreading through Europe at “a higher than expected rate,” according to the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC).

Pasi Penttinen, the ECDC’s primary expert on the flu, said that “If we start to lift all measures, the big concern I have for influenza is that, because we have had such a long time of almost no circulation in the European population, maybe we will shift away from normal seasonal patterns.”

Europe is now confronted with the prospect of a twindemic as it struggles to manage the fight against the Omicron variant. The World Health Organization announced last week that more than half of Europe’s population is likely to be infected with Omicron in the next two months:

“At this rate, the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) forecasts that more than 50% of the population in the region will be infected with omicron in the next six to eight weeks,” said Hans Kluge, WHO regional director for Europe.

Europe braces for difficult Covid spring

The WHO includes 53 countries and territories in its categorization of Europe. Kluge explained on Tuesday that 50 of these 53 areas have confirmed cases of Omicron.

The WHO says that 26 of those countries and territories had reported that more than 1% of their populations were “catching COVID-19 each week.” The European region has had more than seven million new infections in the first week of 2022.

Kluge told reporters that data confirms that omicron is more transmissible and “the mutations it has enable it to adhere to human cells more easily, and it can infect even those who have been previously infected or vaccinated.”

He added that “approved vaccines do continue to provide good protection against severe disease and death, including for Omicron.”

WHO Europe expects 700,000 more people to die from coronavirus across 53 countries within the coming months.

“Today, the COVID-19 situation across Europe and Central Asia is very serious. We face a challenging winter ahead, but we should not be without hope, because all of us — governments, health authorities, individuals — can take decisive action to stabilize the pandemic,” Kluge said in a statement.

Europe is currently in the throes of one of the most intense Covid waves the region has seen since the start of the pandemic. Experts believe that this surge has been worsened by a combination of the waning strength of Covid vaccines administered earlier in the year and the highly contagious Delta variant.

“We can expect that there will be high or extreme stress on hospital beds in 25 countries, and high or extreme stress in intensive care units (ICUs) in 49 out of 53 countries between now and March 1, 2022,” read a statement issued by WHO Europe. “Cumulative reported deaths are projected to reach over 2.2 million by spring next year, based on current trends.”

High Speed Train Runs One Year Late in Greece

High speed train Greece
Greece received its first high-speed train in January 2021. Credit: Alstom/Twitter

The first high-speed train in Greece originally scheduled to begin service in March 2021 on the Athens-Thessaloniki route is almost one year late.

On Monday, rail operator Trainose announced that the fourth train is on its way to Greece from Italy. The ETR 470 No. 6 will be the penultimate vehicle to arrive and will be added to the fast route, after the arrival of the ETR 470 trains No. 1, 7, and 8 last year.

The much-delayed kickoff of the first route will first have to overcome another hurdle, however, as the Hellenic Railway Regulatory Authority (RAS) has yet to certify the trains, a requirement before the new train goes into operation.

The first train, called “White Arrow”, which can reach speeds of 200 km (124 miles) per hour, arrived in Greece in January 2021.

Its inaugural journey was scheduled to take place on March 25, 2021 which coincided with the bicentennial of the beginning of Greece’s War of Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1821.

The one-year delay was caused by the request of the rail regulator which asked the manufacturing company to fit mechanisms to clear sand and snow on the undercarriages of the trains.

High-speed train to cut Athens-Thessaloniki journey under three hours and 15 minutes

Featuring nine carriages, including four economy-class and three first-class sections, along with a bar and restaurant, the new trains provide an unrivaled level of comfort and convenience for travelers.

High speed train Greece
The interior of the new, high-speed train. Credit: AMNA

With a capacity of over 600 passengers, the trains can make the journey from Athens to Thessaloniki, which once was over four hours, in under three hours and 15 minutes.

In 2017, TrainOSE was purchased by Italian railway giant Ferrovie Dello Stato, the third-largest in Europe, for hundreds of millions of euros.

Upon purchasing the railway company, Ferrovie said that it was ready to spend up to 500 million euros in Greece in the coming years, mainly to buy new trains.

Statue of Woman Unearthed in Ancient Greek City of Perge

perge ancient greek statue
The statue of a female discovered on July 27 in Perge, Antalya, Turkey. Credit: Turkish Ministry of Culture

An ancient statue was unearthed on Monday in the Turkish province of Antalya, near the ancient Greek city of Perge.

Believed to have been made around the year 300 AD, during the time of the Roman Empire, the exquisite piece of sculpture portrays a woman in floor-length robes. Her head has been broken off but it survives.

The ancient Greek city of Perge was known to have had females in its administration. It is unknown, however, at this point, just who is depicted in the sculpture.

Statue among many masterpieces found at Perge

The Turkish Ministry of Culture and Tourism’s excavation department triumphantly announced the amazing find in 2020.

According to the Ministry, Sedef Cokay Kepçe, an archaeology professor at Istanbul University, is heading up the excavations which unearthed the stunning find. The plans are to display the third-century statue in the Antalya Museum when all the necessary cleaning on the piece has been completed.

The area has always been known for its wealth of sculpture, according to UNESCO.

The ancient Greek city of Perge has been the site of systematic excavations beginning in 1946. The area was included on UNESCO’s Tentative Heritage list in 2009 for its great historical significance.

The ancient city of Perge has been dubbed as “Turkey’s second Zeugma” for the alluring appearance of the mosaics that have been unearthed so far.

The city of Perge is situated 17 kilometers east of Antalya, within the borders of Aksu. The important monumental structures from the Roman period found in the city mean that the Antalya Museum has one of the richest collections of Roman sculptures.

Ancient Greek mosaic depicting Iphigenia found at Perge

One of the many significant finds discovered at the site was an 1,800-year-old mosaic, which showed the sacrifice of Iphigenia, the daughter of Agamemnon and Clytemnestra during the Trojan War in Greek mythology.

Antalya Museum Director Mustafa Demirel said that the mosaic was unearthed when the archaeological team was working to open a shop in the west wing of the site.

“We have found a 1,800-year-old mosaic that depicts the sacrifice of İphigenia during the Trojan War in the city of ancient Perge. This finding, which makes us quite excited, was unearthed when we were working to open a shop in the west wing. We have found out that this was a sacred cult area,” he said.

While the Greek army was preparing to set sail for Troy during the Trojan War, Agamemnon caused the anger of the goddess Artemis, because he killed a sacred deer. So, she decided to stop all winds, so the ships would not be able to sail.

The seer Calchas realized what the problem was and informed Agamemnon that to appease the goddess, Agamemnon had to sacrifice Iphigenia to her.

Reluctant at first, Agamemnon was forced to agree in the end. He lied to his daughter and his wife by saying that Iphigenia was to marry Achilles before they left.